first_imgThe process of organismal freezing in the Antarctic limpet, Nacelle concinna, is complicated by molluscan biology. Internal ice formation is, in particular, mediated by two factors: (a) the provision of an inoculative target for ice formation in the exposed mucus-secreting foot; and (b) osmoconformity to the marine environment. With regard to the first, direct observations of the independent freezing of pedal mucus support the hypothesis that internal ice formation is delayed by the mucal film. As to the second, ice nucleation parametrics of organismal tissue (head, midgut, gonad, foot) and mucus in both inter- and subtidal populations were characterized by high melting points (range = -4.61 to -6.29 degrees C), with only c.50% of a given sample osmotically active. At this stage it would be premature to ascribe a cryo-adaptive function to the mucus as the protective effects are more readily attributed to the physical properties of the secretion (i.e. viscosity) and their corresponding effects on the rate of heat transfer. As it is difficult to thermally distinguish between the freezing of mucus and the rest of the animal, the question as to whether it is tolerant of internal as well as external ice formation remains problematic, although it may be well suited to the osmotic stresses of organismal freezing. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.last_img read more

first_imgBRYAN FAUST/Herald photoWhen the Penn State Nittany Lions enter Camp Randall Saturday, Joe Paterno’s team will look different than the one that embarrassed the Wisconsin Badgers last year in a game between serious contenders for the Big Ten title. With quarterback Michael Robinson, defensive end Tamba Hali, and other Penn State players gone from the Lions’ roster, Paterno has struggled to match the success he found in 2005.That doesn’t matter to Badger players, who say they’re still bitter about not only leaving Happy Valley a year ago with their conference championship hopes shot down, but also after trying to figure out how they were so dominated in a 35-14 loss to Penn State.”We’ve got to make up for the embarrassment that happened at Penn State last year because we just got smoked,” UW right tackle Eric Vandenheuvel said. “They had a great team last year, but we still have to show them the roles have flipped. They’re coming into our house, and we have to show them what we’re made of.”The No. 17 Badgers (8-1, 5-1 Big Ten) and Nittany Lions (6-3, 4-2) may not be playing for the Big Ten championship and a trip to a BCS bowl, but the stakes are still high in a battle for third place in the league.Wide receiver Paul Hubbard said the team is taking it somewhat personally that even with just one loss into November, people still leave UW out of the “Big Three” — No. 1 Ohio State, No. 2 Michigan and unranked Penn State — when talking about the conference’s perennial powers.”We’ve got a chip on our shoulder,” Hubbard said. “People … really don’t look at us as one of those big powerhouses. Maybe our record is going to say something different this year.”We’re going to bring the A-game that we’ve had in the games when we were starting out fast, and we just kept finishing.”The Badgers have won five straight, but stumbled into the marquee matchup after having to overcome a 24-10 halftime deficit against lowly Illinois last weekend.”It was kind of a humbling thing,” Vandenheuvel said. “We’ve been on a roll, beating everybody by a lot of points, these guys really gave us a fight, and I think at halftime we looked back at what we did and we said, ‘We’ve got to pump things up and win this game.'”It exposed the character of the team — that we don’t give up, we don’t accept failure.”Luckily for Wisconsin, freshman phenom P.J. Hill is expected to start Saturday after being knocked out of the Illinois game. Even after a season-low 50 yards on the ground against the Illini, Hill still ranks among the nation’s elite with 1,222 rushing yards, third-best in the country.The trio of UW running backs — Hill, Dywon Rowan and Lance Smith — face a stingy rush defense that allows just 95.2 ground yards per game, 20 yards less than Wisconsin’s much-heralded defense. Wisconsin’s 2005 star player, Brian Calhoun, garnered just 38 yards on 20 carries against PSU.Last year, UW quarterback John Stocco was sacked nine times, as PSU’s Hali led that charge by getting to Stocco four times. But with three new faces on the Penn State D-line and no Hali, Stocco could have an easier time settling into the pocket.On the other hand, then-Lion quarterback Robinson lit up the Wisconsin defense with 238 yards and a pair of touchdowns, as well as 16 carries for 125 yards on the ground. Overall, the Badgers allowed 282 rushing yards (while gaining 11 yards on offense) in the embarrassing defeat.”It’s hard to watch that film,” linebacker Mark Zalewski said. “It is a [very] different team. They had a quarterback who could really get some things done with his feet. He was a great player, but this [PSU] team has a lot of great players. We just have to go out and play well against them.”Robinson is replaced by Anthony Morelli, who more closely resembles a pocket passer than his predecessor.”He’s got a stronger arm, he throws a great deep ball, and he can really beat you that way,” Zalewski said. “We just have to be ready for that.”Morelli’s go-to option is wideout Deon Butler, who caught a 43-yard touchdown pass from Robinson just 98 seconds into last year’s UW-PSU game to start the offensive onslaught for the Lions.”They’re going to be one of the best corps of wide receivers we’ve seen this year,” cornerback Jack Ikegwuonu said. “They really like to stretch the field vertically, so we’ve got to be on our cues. Keep everything in front of us, and I think we’ll be fine.”It will be on each and every player in Wisconsin’s locker room, says Ikegwuonu, to remember last year’s painful defeat and do everything possible to turn the tables Saturday, to exact revenge and take a strong hold on the Big Ten’s third spot.”Everybody’s got to take it personal. Walking off that field last year, the feeling I had, I don’t want to have that feeling again,” Ikegwuonu said.last_img read more

first_img– says banking rates one of several hurdles local businesses have to overcomeThe 16 per cent interest rate being offered by commercial banks when businesses apply for loans has been cited as one of several challenges that face local businesses in Guyana when seeking start-up capital or even maintaining their businesses.GCCI Executive Timothy TuckerDuring the launch of their Business Development Forum at its Waterloo Street office on Tuesday, Georgetown Chamber of Commerce and Industry (GCCI) Executive Timothy Tucker spoke to these challenges.“The biggest problem we have, apart from electric it costs in manufacturing, is financing a business. At 16 per cent interest rate on a commercial loan, it’s ridiculous for us to be competitive in any sense of the word competitive”.“And that’s the banking sector. That relies completely on how much it costs to borrow. We cannot blame anybody for that, but we’re saying it’s uncompetitive for us to take 16 per cent and try to develop a business,” Tucker added.He cited some other sources of capital that businesses use in this modern age. Some examples he used were crowdfunding, equity, venture capital and Initial Public Offerings (IPO). Crowdfunding involves a business raising money from large number of people in an open space, usually internet-based.Equity is using the difference in the value of an asset, for example land, and the value of the liabilities, such as the remaining mortgage, in order to raise money. Venture capital has been described as private equity. On the other hand, an IPO is the act of raising money through offering shares of a company on the stock market.But the difficulty in getting affordable commercial loans will ring familiar for many, particularly those familiar with the Guyana Agriculture and Industrial Development Bank (GAIBANK). This bank was initially established as a State-owned development bank that focused on providing financing for the Agricultural and Industrial sectors.The bank was initially supposed to address the difficulty in accessing affordable loans by offering sometimes concessionary loans. While the coalition Government has previously said its reestablishment was on the cards, these talks soon petered out.Government has for some time touted the financing provided by its Small Business Bureau (SBB), which recently got a new board headed by former Business Minister Dominic Gaskin, who stepped down from this post this year by virtue of being a dual citizen.The former Minister took over from previous Chair and Jamaican businesswoman, Valerie Grant. Other members of the council include local entrepreneur and Founder of Girls+ Tech, Evie Kanhai-Gurcharan.Kanhai-Gurcharan, who also manages Java café and is a former participant in the United States-sponsored Young Leaders of the Americas (YLAI) Professional Fellows Programme, uses Girl + Tech to get more women involved in the Information Communication Technology (ICT) sector.Meanwhile, the council will have representatives from the Business Ministry, Ministry of Finance, the Linden, West Berbice, Essequibo and Region Three Chambers of Commerce. Also present on the council are representatives from the Bankers Association, and the Institute of Private Enterprise Development (IPED); the Chief Executive Officer of the Small Business Bureau (SBB); a youth representative and Dason Anthony.last_img read more

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest  By Olivia Hettinger, Zane Trace FFA ReporterThe Zane Trace FFA chapter will be recognized as a three star chapter at the National FFA Convention in Indianapolis this fall. Only the top 10% of all FFA chapters in the nation are recognized for this honor each year. This will be the chapter’s 6th year receiving this award. There are many things the ZT FFA has done to be recognized for this award. Some examples are the annual sausage breakfast where a large percentage of the money is donated, Pioneer Pantry which is an in-school pantry filled with items that students who are in need of are allowed to take home. The chapter also recently built a blessing box outside of the school, along with Pioneer Pacers, a running club for grades three through five. Elementary lessons about agriculture are also taught by FFA members. The Zane Trace FFA also has a positive social media presence, and takes yearly trips to the National FFA Convention.last_img read more

center_img Prominent recent films like “American Hustle,” ”Black Mass,” ”Joy” and “Patriots Day” would likely have bypassed Massachusetts if not for the credit’s current structure, he contends. Advertisement Advertisement “It’s hard to look into the face of a single mother and tell them that we cannot afford to provide them with the childcare voucher but we can afford to pay 25 per cent of the salary of Tom Hanks or Will Ferrell,” Rodrigues said. Higher thresholds for spending and time spent filming in-state are also increasingly common, though a 75 per cent minimum would be an outlier, Bails added. And local policymakers are looking at other ways to revamp the programs. LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Bails predicts the Louisiana bill, which ultimately didn’t clear the state Senate, is a harbinger of things to come: “States will eventually have to evolve in order to start getting a direct return on investment.”Courtesy of:  Philip Marcelo  – The Associated Press Sen. Michael Rodrigues, the Westport Democrat who proposed curtailing the credit, says his qualm isn’t with “Ghostbusters” specifically.Too much of the program’s benefit, he says, is flowing to out-of-state companies and being used to supplement the salaries of high-paid actors. The film tax credit is equal to 25 per cent of a production’s in-state payroll and production costs. And some critics of the program have pointed to recent big budget Hollywood films like “Ghostbusters” — which scored one of largest tax benefits in the program’s history at $26.7 million — as prime examples of why the benefit needs to go. He wasn’t able to readily quantify the economic impact of “Ghostbusters” and the film’s producers didn’t immediately comment. Facebook The state Senate has proposed a budget paring back what’s considered among the most generous of the 36 states currently offering tax incentives to film companies.last_img read more

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first_imgKolkata: North 24-Parganas district administration is keen on improving the socio-economic condition of the people involved in various Self-Help Groups (SHGs).The district administration has chalked out an elaborate plan for the development of infrastructure so that more people can be inducted into various Self-Help Groups, thereby strengthening the socio-economic condition of people in the rural areas.It may be mentioned here that after coming to power, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has laid enormous stress on the formation of various SHGs in the villages, so that the rural youth become self-reliant. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe district sets a target of linking nearly 25,000 SHGs with banks. According to sources in the district administration, around 20,000 SHGs and bank credit linkages are on the verge of completion, while 5,000 new linkages are yet to be done.The scheme has got an impetus after the Chief Minister, during her recent administrative meeting, instructed the administrative officials to ensure that more SHGs get bank loans.The district also has a plan to distribute Kishan Credit Cards (KCCs) among 1.69 lakh people across the district. Sources said that more than one lakh KCCs have already been distributed, while the rest will be covered this year. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe average credit limit for each individual is around Rs 43,000, an official said.The district administration is on constant touch with the banks and other financial institutions, to ensure that the farmers are not denied loans.It may be mentioned that there were some allegations that the distribution of KCCs and also the credit linkages were not satisfactory and there was a delay in the whole process.The district is encouraging people to get involved in bee-keeping, poultry farming, or preparing various handicrafts through the SHGs. There is a plan to impart training on beekeeping among unemployed rural youth, particularly in Bongaon and Basirhat sub-divisions. The youth would be trained by forming small groups. According to the plans, the district horticulture officials would conduct awareness campaign among rural youth, to encourage them for bee-farming. It would also convince the people to take up bee-keeping as an occupation to increase agriculture products.Bee cultivators would soon get their identity cards. The scheme would not benefit the poor beekeepers but it would increase the overall production of honey.The state Horticulture department would ensure that beekeepers get a good price for their produce in various state government markets.last_img read more