first_img1.  Levey et al, “Urban mockingbirds quickly learn to identify individual humans,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, published online May 18, 2009, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0811422106.2.  Barrie J. Frost, “Bird head stabilization,” Current Biology, Volume 19, Issue 8, 28 April 2009, Pages R315-R316, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.02.002.3.  James L. Gould, “Animal Navigation: A Wake-Up Call for Homing,” Current Biology, Volume 19, Issue 8, 28 April 2009, Pages R338-R339, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.03.001.These are all good reasons to become a bird watcher.  Students might like to experiment with the camcorder at the hummingbird feeder or watch pigeons bobbing their heads in the park.  Maybe a home schooling family could raise homing pigeons for a science project.  Don’t pester the mockingbirds, though.  Take an interest in your feathered friends and the other amazing living things around you.  Their abilities are more remarkable than you can imagine.(Visited 15 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Evidence continues to mount that a lot of capability is packed into a little bird’s brain.  We should use the phrase bird-brain to honor smart animals.I C U:  Mockingbirds can recognize individual humans.  Disturb a mockingbird nest, and the parents will single you out from a crowd and go into attack mode, researchers at Duke University found.  They observed bird behavior with student subjects at Duke and published their findings in PNAS.1  “These results demonstrate a remarkable ability of a passerine bird to distinguish one human from thousands of others,” they said.  “Also, mockingbirds learned to identify individual humans extraordinarily quickly: after only 2 30-s[econd] exposures of the human at the nest.”  PhysOrg summarized the paper.  It should be noted that this ability is in addition to the mockingbird’s remarkable repertoire of songs.Native composers:  Zebra finches raised in captivity learn their favorite song without ever hearing it.  Science Daily reported on finches raised in complete isolation from their parents and other members of the species.  The birds seemed to babble and experiment at first.  Their offspring learned the “arrhythmic” song from their tutors, but gradually approached the native song heard in the wild.  “What is remarkable about this result is that even though we started out with an isolated bird that had never heard the wild-type, cultured song, that’s what we ended up with after generations,” commented Partha Mitra [Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory].  “So in a sense, the cultured song was already there in the genome of the bird.  It just took multiple generations for it to be shaped and come about.”Bobble heads:  Ever wonder why birds bob their heads when they walk?  There’s a reason: it stabilizes their gaze (see 04/12/2005), so that the eyes can remain fixed on a target for the maximum time while the bird moves forward.  A new Quick Guide in Current Biology discussed how well this mechanism works.2  “Stabilization of the head occurs in all three axes of space and for both translation and rotation around these axes,” wrote Barrie J. Frost [Queen’s University, Ontario].  “For a walking pigeon the small amount of motion during the hold or stabilization phase is less than 0.5 mm.”  This ability involves a complex interaction between the retina, neurons, visual cortex, accessory optic system, vestibular balance system, and the flexible muscles of the neck and the gait of the legs.    The birds with the most remarkable stabilization may live right in your garden.  “Humming birds, hovering in front of a flower while feeding show an amazing ability to keep their head stabilized while their body makes considerably larger movement produced by their wing beats and perturbation by the wind,” he said.  “Kestrels and kingfishers, while hovering in mid-air before diving to catch their prey, also show remarkable stabilization of the head relative to the much larger movements of their bodies.”  Even the heavy flying birds, like geese and swans, do pretty well.  “Films and videos … show that while there is an upward thrust of their bodies produced with each downward wing-beat their heads maintain a nearly perfect level path.”Goggle eyes:  The amazing ability of animals to navigate is a source of ongoing study and experimentation.  James L. Gould [Princeton} started his Dispatch in Current Biology3 with the following expression of wonder:Of all the wonderful things animals can do, the ability of certain species to judge their location on the planet is perhaps the most astonishing.  A homing pigeon transported in darkness 200 km in a direction it has never before been and released far further from the loft than it had previously ventured, will typically circle and then set off in roughly the correct direction.  A migrating bird, captured near the northern end of its annual journey south and carried in the hold of a plane 5000 km east, sets off southwest toward the goal of its migration, rather than either northwest to its natal area or west for the capture point.  The accuracy of this navigation is startling: pigeons fitted with frosted goggles (which eliminate form vision) return to within a couple of kilometers of their loft.  How is any of this possible?The fact is, we don’t fully know.  Is it magnetic fields they sense?  Odors?  Positional cues?  Gould discussed primarily how a popular olfactory hypothesis has been falsified.  Most likely magnetic field gradients are a factor, but work continues to try to understand how any of this is possible.last_img read more

first_img13 May 2008The City of Cape Town is undertaking an in-depth study into the predicted impact of rising sea levels on the city’s vast coastline, so as to identify risks and begin planning for strategies to minimise the implications of climate change.Various scenarios as to how changes in tidal movements and increased storm events may impact on rising sea levels were presented during a meeting of the city’s planning and environment portfolio committee, with the modelling being done to determine the possible impact on the city’s infrastructure.“The aim of the Sea-Level Rise Risk Assessment is to predict the ramifications of sea-level changes as a result of climate change on existing coastal systems,” committee chairperson Brian Watkyns said at the meeting attended by city councillors.This will in turn help guide coastal development and enable the [municipality] to develop long-term adaptation measures for high-risk areas.“With over 307 km of coastline, the city has the longest stretch of sea frontage of any metropolitan authority in South Africa,” he said. “As such, it is particularly vulnerable to global climate change predictions which will result in a rise in sea levels and an increase in the intensity and frequency of storm events.”The predicted implications of climate change are modelled on existing information and internationally accepted predictions of future scenarios.Worst-case scenarioThe model portrays what could be expected as current day worst-case storm events, increased storm intensity and frequency as a result of climate change within 10 years and finally the long-term inundation implications if the Antarctic and Greenland ice-sheets melt.Examples of some of the high risk areas presented to the portfolio committee in Cape Town were those situated mainly in low lying areas or close to estuaries and include Milnerton Lagoon, Fish Hoek, Strand, Gordon’s Bay and Sea Point.According to Gregg Oelofse of the city’s strategy and planning department, the model made use of data from the extreme storm event experienced along the KwaZulu-Natal coast in March 2007.“The erosion damage in the province was spectacular and similar damage should be anticipated along exposed sections of the Cape Town coast in similar circumstances,” he said. “The identification of these vulnerable sections of the Cape Town coast is an important output.”Source: BuaNewslast_img read more

first_imgDownloads:Letter to schoolsLetter to corporate organisationsDo things differentlyThe International Marketing Council of South Africa (Brand South Africa) today launched the Nation Brand ‘Legacy’ campaign, which aims to align the brand to South Africans’ unique culture, while simultaneously improving the country’s global competitiveness. The campaign will focus on the 2010 FIFA World Cup™ success by defining the values that make South Africans unique.  These values are then aligned with the Brand South Africa value proposition to change the backward view of legacy into a forward looking perspective that will define the way in which we behave.  This will ultimately contribute to the country’s rating in international competitive studies in that we don’t only just ‘write’ about ‘how’ citizens should behave, but actually influence the desired behaviour we want people to adopt.“The 2010 FIFA World Cup™ may be over, but its legacy remains,” said Miller Matola, CEO of Brand South Africa. The campaign identifies reasons why our nation is unique, from our sports teams to our children and renowned South African attitude. Founded on the South African brand values of Ubuntu, sustainability, possibility, diversity, innovation and creativity, it builds on the successful hosting of the tournament, which the organisation considers to have been delivered by the people of South Africa. “Our success was mainly about people – ordinary South Africans who came together to make the tournament the most successful in its history, though we cannot discount the incredible infrastructural development that contributed to it,” he said.The ‘Legacy’ campaign platform aims to leverage the momentum gained during the World Cup to continue to mobilise South Africans including business, political and civil society leadership. It also aims to entrench the principles of pride, patriotism and solid citizenship that have been established over the past year. Thus as South Africans put their souls into making the World Cup a success, the next six weeks will call on all to “Put your soul into it” again and again!Each Friday, for the next six weeks, South Africans will celebrate all the things that makes us who we are, the unique values displayed during the World Cup and enable us to be proud of our nation, culture and heritage. Themes include support the ‘Class of 2010’, do something different, our beautiful country and celebrate your South African heritage, with the events calendar available at, or provided below.“This year, we have come together as a nation united and flown the flag high. Now we need to keep it flying and remind ourselves how we made the event the most successful FIFA World Cup™ in history. We’ve always known we had it in us, now let us celebrate it,” said Matola. ”Put your soul into it.”“We will be providing platforms that will enable us all to continue to achieve and showcase our “South Africanness” to the world,” adding that it was the South African ‘can do’ attitude and commitment that was at the heart of the World Cup development, our successful hosting of the tournament itself and which will heavily inform our post tournament activity. Supporting ‘Class of 2010’ This week, the campaign focuses on supporting the Department of Education‘s ‘Class of 2010’ initiative. Matola said that with the countdown to final exams well underway, it is up to us to support our scholars as they prepare for their final examinations.Brand South Africa enables South Africans to formally pledge to help where they can. “Most importantly, we need to pledge to help learners realise how important their education is, but we can also give support by helping a scholar to write a study plan or assisting with revision,” he said.The pledge ( states, “We the people of South Africa, recognising the injustices of our past, honour those who suffered and sacrificed to bring knowledge and education to our youth. We will respect and protect the dignity of each child and stand up for justice. We sincerely declare that we shall uphold the rights and values of our Constitution, and promise to act in accordance with the duties and responsibilities that flow from these rights. Nkosi Sikelel’ i’Afrika.”Matola himself has pledged both his and Brand South Africa’s support for the Class of 2010. “My organisation has dedicated Fridays to distributing stationery to schools, donating 30 minutes of their lunchtime to teaching learners about Post-Matric career choices,” he affirmed. “What is your pledge to support the Class of 2010?  Visit to find out what you can do for a school near you.” Building a South African legacy South Africans offer fresh solutions to seemingly insurmountable challenges that face the world – just one reason why we are a truly competitive nation. “This campaign is significant because it fulfils a strategic communications objective for the Nation Brand, while providing us all with practical ways in which we can contribute to our country’s development,” said Matola.He encouraged people to tell, even show the world why you are proud to be South African. “We have so much in common and so much humanity to celebrate.”“There is no turning back, as we continue to define and showcase who we are as a nation to the world. We are a people who are proudly defined by Ubuntu, diversity, innovation and creativity. Our “South Africanness” undoubtedly opens up a lifetime of possibilities for us all,” concluded Matola. FridayTheme 27 August 2010 Support the ‘Class of 2010’ In the build up to the 2010 FIFA World Cup™, we stood together as a nation in support of our team and country. We learnt a valuable lesson, that together we can do anything we put our souls into. If you pledge that same support to your ‘Class of 2010’, you can give them all the inspiration and motivation they need to succeed, not only in their final examinations, but also in life.  3 September 2010 Do something different The 2010 FIFA World Cup™ marked a massive change in the way we saw ourselves and the way the world saw us. We proved our ability to succeed against all odds, to create a legacy to last a lifetime. This Friday, Fly the Flag for our ability to see things differently, to see challenges where others see obstacles and no matter what, to make a plan. Do something differently and acknowledge how each of us made the world see our country in a new light. Put your soul into it.  Instead of sending an email, pick up the phone Call an old friend Celebrate those who have made a difference in your community and join them Put a suggestion box up where people can share their ideas on how to do things differently  10 September 2010 Our beautiful country Thousands of new visitors experienced South Africa during the 2010 FIFA World Cup™ and went home with memories to last a lifetime. We impressed the world with our ability to unite for a common cause and create a legacy for our country and children. We now know what we can do when we stand together, so let’s do it again and make sure our country stays beautiful for generations to come. Fly the Flag this Friday for our beautiful country.  Host a recycling day. Ask everyone to bring in paper, glass, plastic and tins to be recycled and given a new lease on life. Plant a tree at home, at school, at your office or in a community space. Host a cleanup day around the office, your school or community.  24 September 2010 Celebrate your South African heritage We made the 2010 FIFA World Cup™ the most successful in its history. We hosted the world and we celebrated our nation. If we were asked how we achieved what we did, the answer would be easy – because we are South Africans. Fly the Flag today for our South African Heritage and celebrate our diversity as our source of strength and resilience. We are the soul of South Africa.  Have a braai and celebrate your South African Heritage on 24 September. Wear clothes reflecting your culture. Spend time with someone else from a different culture and learn about their customs.  About the International Marketing Council of South Africa (Brand South Africa)The International Marketing Council of South Africa (IMC) was established in August 2002 to help create a positive and compelling brand image for South Africa. At that time, the world was unsure about what to think of South Africa, with many different messages being sent out by various sources. These did very little to build the country’s brand and it was evident that to attract tourism and investment there was a need to co-ordinate marketing initiatives to make them more effective. This led to the creation of the IMC, whose main objective is the marketing of South Africa through the Brand South Africa campaign.  There are many benefits to having a consolidated brand image, with the most important being that a consistent Brand South Africa message creates strategic advantages in terms of trade and tourism for the country in an increasingly competitive marketplace.last_img read more

first_imgThese a deal, excellent high-quality – joyful client.Pretty happy with product or service and services several many thanks.Mytoptrendz® 24 Gold Blonde Assorted Size Classic Kirby Hair Grips Slides Clips Bob Pins (gold blonde 24pcs)Assorted Size : 3.5cm. 4.5 cm and 5 cm (God Blond only contain 24 pcs 4.5cm and 5cmPackage Content : 12pcs in each sizeSimulated rubber tipped Crimped styleChoose your colour – Black Brown or Gold blond 24pcs, bobby pins for all hair up do’s and flyaway hairs that just will not stay in placeSuperior good quality and holds great hair properly.Superior good quality and holds great hair properly.These are attractive bobby pins, they are solid and mix nicely in equally mine and my daughter’s differing shades of blonde hair. They are in all probability the most effective bobby pins i have at any time purchased and the only rationale i have offered four out of five stars is since they are not as wonderful as the kinds made use of in my hair for my wedding day by a experienced.Mytoptrendz® 24 Gold Blonde Assorted Size Classic Kirby Hair Grips Slides Clips Bob Pins (gold blonde 24pcs) : Very happy with product and service many thanks. Hunting ahead to employing them striving different hairstyles on my now longer hair.Terrific quality very well packaged and pleased many thanks.These are attractive bobby pins, they are solid and mix nicely in equally mine and my daughter’s differing shades of blonde hair. They are in all probability the most effective bobby pins i have at any time purchased and the only rationale i have offered four out of five stars is since they are not as wonderful as the kinds made use of in my hair for my wedding day by a experienced.Terrific quality very well packaged and pleased many thanks.Hunting ahead to employing them striving different hairstyles on my now longer hair.last_img read more


first_imgThe Shiv Sena’s last annual Dussehra address before the Assembly elections saw the party announcing poll sops, including a loan waiver for farmers, full meals for ₹10 and health check-ups for ₹1. The rally was also marked by the party reiterating its promise of a Ram temple at Ayodhya, and Sena chief Uddhav Thackeray justifying his decision of allying with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) for the polls. The party holds a ‘Dasara Melava’ (Dussehra gathering) at Shivaji Park, Dadar, every year. This year, with the Assembly elections only weeks away, the party took the opportunity to address its voters and Shiv Sainiks. Party supporters were seen flocking to Shivaji Park wearing saffron caps, sashes, headbands, with some carrying pictures of Sena founder Bal Thackeray. The ground was moderately filled despite the humidity. The Sena also released a promotional song during the event.Sena MP Sanjay Raut said, “Very soon, you will see the next chief minister of Maharashtra sitting next to Uddhavji (referring to Aaditya Thackeray).” Aaditya has been fielded from Worli and the Sena is projecting him as a CM candidate. Mr. Thackeray, who addressed the gathering dressed in a saffron kurta, said, “There are two Vijayadashamis this month: one is today and another on the 24th (the day of the election results). The matter of the Ram temple at Ayodhya has been in court for 30-35 years. The court will do justice, but if something happens otherwise, we will continue our demand for a Ram temple. The Central government must ensure the temple is built; it is a promise we have made to the people.”The Sena chief further said, “People ask me why did I enter into an alliance with the BJP; people say the Shiv Sena bowed down. The Sena can never bow down in front of anyone except God. And had we not allied with the BJP, whom should we support? The Congress, who says do not remove Article 370 and remove sedition law? Instead, why not give a strong government by allying with BJP?” Dig at Ajit PawarHe also took a dig at Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) leader Ajit Pawar, referring to his comment from a few years ago about urinating in dried up dams. “Ajit Pawar cried the other day. He says the level of politics has fallen and I will go do farming. Do it, but how will you water your farm? (You mocked farmers) but don’t forget, farmers came to you for water with tears in their eyes,” Mr. Thackeray said. He also recalled that the Congress-NCP government allowed the arrest of Bal Thackeray in the aftermath of the Babri Masjid case and that the court threw out the case. Promises galoreMr. Thackeray said the removal of Section 370 from Jammu & Kashmir was Bal Thackeray’s dream, and that the Sena supports removal of illegal immigrants from the country. Promising sops ahead of the elections, he said, “I will once again waive loans of farmers. We will provide full meals for ₹10. We will reduce power rates up to 300 units and provide health check-up for ₹1. In rural areas, schools are far from villages. We will ensure bus services in rural areas and ensure women’s safety.”Addressing unrest among party members over allocation of tickets, he said, “Compromise is a part of alliance. I apologise to those who did not get tickets. This alliance is to win Maharashtra and for betterment of the people. The BJP is our ally, work for the alliance.” He said that like the Sena’s stand, even U.S. President Donald Trump has given preference to locals for employment. He said the party will ensure Maratha and Dhangar reservation is implemented.last_img read more

first_imgMOST READ Then, less than 24 hours after that one concluded, Thiem needed to step on court for the fourth consecutive day to try to deal with Nadal and everything that entails. For the final’s opening two sets, Thiem was able to hang with the man known as the King of Clay. And then?“I had a little drop, which is, against most of the players, not that bad,” Thiem said, “but he took the chance and stepped right on me.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsNadal reeled off 16 of the initial 17 points in the third set on the way to taking 12 of the last 14 games in a 6-3, 5-7, 6-1, 6-1 victory over Thiem. That gave Nadal his 12th French Open title and 18th Grand Slam trophy overall, while denying Thiem what would have been his first major championship.There was no doubt for Thiem what played a role. View comments After all, he was trying to do something only three men have in the professional era, which began in 1968: beat the No. 1 and No. 2 seeds at Roland Garros.“Beating Novak over two days, with all the interruption,” said Thiem, a 25-year-old Austrian who was seeded No. 4, “it leaves traces on the body and also on the mind.”That, especially, is not an ideal way to face Nadal on the red clay of Paris, where the guy has won 93 of 95 career matches.Still, Thiem gave it a go over the first 100 minutes, hanging with Nadal on exciting exchanges from the baseline that seemingly wouldn’t end, just because both men are so adept at covering the court so well. By match’s end, there were 46 points that lasted at least 10 strokes, and Nadal and Thiem both won 23.Only one of them was able to sustain the high level of focus and stamina for the third and fourth sets, though.ADVERTISEMENT “Maybe,” acknowledged Thiem’s physical trainer, Alex Stober, “he was running out of fuel a little at the end.”During the trophy ceremony, Nadal repeatedly praised his opponent, saying that he expects — and hopes — that Thiem will one day hoist aloft that silver symbol of excellence.So, too, of course, does Thiem himself.He kept talking about next year.And he shouldn’t feel too bad about losing back-to-back finals at Roland Garros to Nadal. Thiem is in good company: Roger Federer (2006, 2007, 2008, 2011) and Djokovic (2012, 2014) also each lost multiple French Open finals to the guy.“I’m on the right way. And I failed today, but my goal and my dream is still to win this tournament or to win a Grand Slam tournament. I will try my best next year again,” Thiem said. “I gave everything I had in these two weeks.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Spain’s Rafael Nadal, right, hugs Austria’s Dominic Thiem after their men’s final match of the French Open tennis tournament at the Roland Garros stadium in Paris, Sunday, June 9, 2019. Nadal won 6-3, 5-7, 6-1, 6-1. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)PARIS — It all took a toll on Dominic Thiem, both physically and mentally, and that left him in no condition to do what it would take to beat Rafael Nadal in the French Open final.Just to earn the right to face Nadal for the title at Roland Garros for the second year in a row Sunday, Thiem needed to end No. 1 Novak Djokovic’s 26-match Grand Slam winning streak. That took five sets over 4 hours, 13 minutes spread over two rain-interrupted days.ADVERTISEMENT Bruins force Stanley Cup Game 7 with 5-1 win over Blues Duterte wants probe of SEA Games mess DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew Catholic schools seek legislated pay hike, toocenter_img Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Robredo accepts Duterte’s drug czar post appointment PLAY LIST 04:11Robredo accepts Duterte’s drug czar post appointment03:41PDEA chief: Albayalde asked me not to implement dismissal order vs Pampanga cops04:11Robredo accepts Duterte’s drug czar post appointment02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue LATEST STORIES Two-day strike in Bicol fails to cripple transport ‘Rebel attack’ no cause for concern-PNP, AFP Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. last_img read more

first_imgLiverpool chief Moore full of praise for ‘charismatic’ Kloppby Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool chief Peter Moore is full of praise for Jurgen Klopp over his impact at Anfield.Moore spoke of Klopp’s work since taking charge in 2015.”Jurgen is one of the more holisitic human beings you will ever meet,” he told Michael Robinson at FIFA’s gala this week.”He is able to keep the ship going straight, motivate not just the players but his staff, the coaching staff, the sports science staff – he keeps everyone on an even keel.”His personality is infectious. His charisma is without question”Even when you have lost he makes you think there is a brighter sunshine ahead.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

first_imgzoomIllustration. Image Courtesy: Pexels under CC0 Creative Commons license John Fredriksen’s oil tanker shipping company Frontline Ltd. has entered into memorandum of agreement (MOA) to acquire a 20 percent ownership interest in Feen Marine Scrubbers Inc., a manufacturer of exhaust gas cleaning systems.  Pursuant to the MOA, Frontline and certain entities affiliated with Hemen Holding Ltd, Frontline’s largest shareholder, have agreed to order FMSI exhaust gas cleaning systems for 14 vessels, with options to order an additional 22 systems at fixed prices. “The economic case to install scrubbers is very compelling, particularly for larger vessels. Scrubbers installed on existing vessels provide the same benefit as those delivered from the yard on newbuildings and our solution comes at a much cheaper cost,” Robert Hvide Macleod, CEO of Frontline Management said.“Additionally, this transaction allows Frontline to secure the capacity to source a large volume of scrubbers, which we believe will present a challenge to many owners as the deadline for sulphur emissions compliance approaches.” “We believe that this memorandum of agreement is indicative of both Frontline’s industry-leading approach to managing its fleet as well as the high quality EGCS systems Feen Marine produces.  We are proud that some of the world’s largest shipping and trading companies, including Frontline, Navig8 Group and Trafigura have chosen Feen Marine as their main provider of EGCS systems,” Bjørnar Feen, Founder of Feen Marine Scrubbers said.Feen Marine says that its open-loop scrubber system reduces sulphur emissions to 0.1 pct and offers payback period on investment of 6 to 18 months. The company also has a hybrid system in its portfolio which can switch from open loop to closed loop mode of operation.FM has offices and manufacturing plants in Singapore and Batam and further representation in Norway, China, and South Korea.The move comes in anticipation of the entrance into force of the IMO’s sulphur cap in 2020. The regulation requires that all ships trading outside of the sulphur Emission Control Areas (ECAs) start using fuel with a sulphur content of up to 0.5 pct, a considerable reduction from the currently permitted maximum of 3.5 pct, as of January 1, 2020.Ships using exhaust gas cleaning technology will be able to continue to use high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) as a marine fuel.last_img read more